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国家统计局:2020年1—9月份全国规模以上工业企业利润下降2.4%
发布时间:2020-11-25 16:29
<section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1—9月份,全国规模以上工业企业实现利润总额43665.0亿元,同比下降2.4%(按可比口径计算,详见附注二),降幅比1—8月份收窄2.0个百分点。</span></section><p><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1—9月份,规模以上工业企业中,国有控股企业实现利润总额11303.1亿元,同比下降14.3%;股份制企业实现利润总额30681.1亿元,下降3.6%;外商及港澳台商投资企业实现利润总额12443.0亿元,增长2.6%;私营企业实现利润总额12748.3亿元,下降0.5%。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1—9月份,</span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; background-color: rgb(255, 251, 0); box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">采矿业实现利润总额2674.3亿元</span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">,同比下降37.2%;制造业实现利润总额37060.2亿元,增长1.1%;电力、热力、燃气及水生产和供应业实现利润总额3930.5亿元,增长2.6%。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1—9月份,在41个工业大类行业中,21个行业利润总额同比增加,20个行业减少。主要行业利润情况如下:专用设备制造业增长22.3%,农副食品加工业增长16.7%,计算机、通信和其他电子设备制造业增长15.5%,通用设备制造业增长10.7%,纺织业增长4.8%,汽车制造业增长3.0%,电气机械和器材制造业增长2.9%,有色金属冶炼和压延加工业增长2.1%,电力、热力生产和供应业增长2.1%;石油和天然气开采业下降70.2%,</span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; background-color: rgb(255, 251, 0); box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">石油、煤炭及其他燃料加工业下降66.2%,煤炭开采和洗选业下降30.1%,黑色金属冶炼和压延加工业下降18.7%</span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">,化学原料和化学制品制造业下降17.7%,非金属矿物制品业下降1.3%。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1—9月份,规模以上工业企业实现营业收入74.23万亿元,同比下降1.5%;发生营业成本62.53万亿元,下降1.4%;营业收入利润率为5.88%,同比降低0.06个百分点。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">9月末,规模以上工业企业资产总计123.68万亿元,同比增长6.7%;负债合计70.11万亿元,增长6.6%;所有者权益合计53.57万亿元,增长6.8%;资产负债率为56.7%,同比持平。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">9月末,规模以上工业企业应收账款16.24万亿元,同比增长14.3%;产成品存货4.53万亿元,增长8.2%。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1—9月份,规模以上工业企业每百元营业收入中的成本为84.24元,同比增加0.07元;每百元营业收入中的费用为8.94元,同比增加0.15元。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">9月末,规模以上工业企业每百元资产实现的营业收入为82.9元,同比减少6.8元;人均营业收入为136.9万元,同比增加2.8万元;产成品存货周转天数为18.9天,同比增加1.7天;应收账款平均回收期为54.6天,同比增加7.1天。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">9月份,规模以上工业企业实现利润总额6464.3亿元,同比增长10.1%,增速比8月份回落9.0个百分点。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><img height="353" width="554" class="" src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/TCIDp9rFWaYVMh54BtHUR3R49YbIpicrnoL1YmjDS1vric1ttEbgMgezmOTwvQcOZoX70Ulfuv9eiagV3oo4UU0SQ/640?wx_fmt=png&tp=webp&wxfrom=5&wx_lazy=1&wx_co=1"/></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><img height="397" width="554" class="" src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/TCIDp9rFWaYVMh54BtHUR3R49YbIpicrnooUB8b00LqHeaibWVTxMic1lrNv87KtsvQ8YcrcqvZLaKuuwiaxkCBjiaQ/640?wx_fmt=png&tp=webp&wxfrom=5&wx_lazy=1&wx_co=1"/></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><img height="321" width="554" class="" src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/TCIDp9rFWaYVMh54BtHUR3R49YbIpicrnCYxVoUFkFuMwrs7UqibLBwhHwJfQDjJabondruq876VjM4FDrJjexMQ/640?wx_fmt=png&tp=webp&wxfrom=5&wx_lazy=1&wx_co=1"/></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">表1&nbsp;&nbsp;2020年1—9月份规模以上工业企业主要财务指标</strong><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"></span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><img class="rich_pages " src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/TCIDp9rFWaYVMh54BtHUR3R49YbIpicrn4icvQObxscgAgrNc5QaJ6SnlN0fuxMaql3dKX0dTHjHS0MIJKTKovqw/640?wx_fmt=png&tp=webp&wxfrom=5&wx_lazy=1&wx_co=1"/></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;<br/></span></section><section><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">表2&nbsp;&nbsp;2020年1—9月份规模以上工业企业经济效益指标</strong><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"></span></section><section><br/></section><section><img class="rich_pages " src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/TCIDp9rFWaYVMh54BtHUR3R49YbIpicrnMUmfqLEqsdica3gjg2IKwfq2znTPfpEmt85B0ZDV2ECZ4c44O4IEcDQ/640?wx_fmt=png&tp=webp&wxfrom=5&wx_lazy=1&wx_co=1"/></section><section><br/></section></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><br/></p><p><section><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">表3&nbsp;&nbsp;2020年1—9月份规模以上工业企业主要财务指标(分行业)</strong><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"></span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><img class="rich_pages " src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/TCIDp9rFWaYVMh54BtHUR3R49YbIpicrnbAJzWibur1I7MWI3LWicpS8QUezhWMuicQUHz2A5a1j4YMMmmPqiaQ4sFQ/640?wx_fmt=png&tp=webp&wxfrom=5&wx_lazy=1&wx_co=1"/></section><section><img class="rich_pages " src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/TCIDp9rFWaYVMh54BtHUR3R49YbIpicrne5YibCNVEo3pZdial6xyNU2nClcNst5LSyFh6bjtcbRng3LABtcD0icnA/640?wx_fmt=png&tp=webp&wxfrom=5&wx_lazy=1&wx_co=1"/></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;<br/></span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">附注:</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">一、指标解释及相关说明</strong><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"></span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1、利润总额:指企业在生产经营过程中各种收入扣除各种耗费后的盈余,反映企业在报告期内实现的盈亏总额。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">2、营业收入:指企业从事销售商品、提供劳务和让渡资产使用权等生产经营活动形成的经济利益流入。包括主营业务收入和其他业务收入。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">3、营业成本:指企业从事销售商品、提供劳务和让渡资产使用权等生产经营活动发生的实际成本。包括主营业务成本和其他业务成本。营业成本应当与营业收入进行配比。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">4、资产总计:指企业过去的交易或者事项形成的、由企业拥有或者控制的、预期会给企业带来经济利益的资源。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">5、负债合计:指企业过去的交易或者事项形成的,预期会导致经济利益流出企业的现时义务。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">6、所有者权益合计:指企业资产扣除负债后由所有者享有的剩余权益。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">7、应收账款:指资产负债表日以摊余成本计量的,企业因销售商品、提供服务等经营活动应收取的款项。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">财政部在《关于修订印发2019年度一般企业财务报表格式的通知》(财会〔2019〕6号)中,对一般企业财务报表格式进行了修订,企业《资产负债表》不再列示“应收票据及应收账款”项目,改为分别列示“应收票据”“应收账款”项目。为与企业财务报表一致,从2020年起,停止发布月度“应收票据及应收账款”数据,改为发布“应收账款”数据。相关指标相应调整。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">8、产成品存货:指企业报告期末已经加工生产并完成全部生产过程,可以对外销售的制成产品。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">9、营业收入利润率=利润总额÷营业收入×100%,单位:%。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">10、每百元营业收入中的成本=营业成本÷营业收入×100,单位:元。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">11、每百元营业收入中的费用=(销售费用+管理费用+研发费用+财务费用)÷营业收入×100,单位:元。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">12、每百元资产实现的营业收入=营业收入÷平均资产÷累计月数×12×100,单位:元。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">13、人均营业收入=营业收入÷平均用工人数÷累计月数×12,单位:万元/人。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">14、资产负债率=负债合计÷资产总计×100%,单位:%。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">15、产成品存货周转天数=360×平均产成品存货÷营业成本×累计月数÷12,单位:天。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">16、应收账款平均回收期=360×平均应收账款÷营业收入×累计月数÷12,单位:天。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">17、在各表的利润总额同比增长栏中,标“注”的表示上年同期利润总额为负数,即亏损;数值为正数的表明利润同比增长;数值在0至-100%之间(不含0)的表明利润同比下降;下降幅度超过100%的表明由上年同期盈利转为本期亏损;数值为0的表明利润同比持平。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">二、规模以上工业企业利润总额、营业收入等指标的增速均按可比口径计算</strong></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><br/></span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">报告期数据与上年所公布的同指标数据之间有不可比因素,不能直接相比计算增速。其主要原因是:(一)根据统计制度,每年定期对规模以上工业企业调查范围进行调整。每年有部分企业达到规模标准纳入调查范围,也有部分企业因规模变小而退出调查范围,还有新建投产企业、破产、注(吊)销企业等变化。(二)加强统计执法,对统计执法检查中发现的不符合规模以上工业统计要求的企业进行了清理,对相关基数依规进行了修正。(三)加强数据质量管理,剔除跨地区、跨行业重复统计数据。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">三、统计范围</strong><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"></span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">规模以上工业企业,即年主营业务收入为2000万元及以上的工业法人单位。</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">四、调查方法</strong><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"></span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">规模以上工业企业财务状况报表按月进行全面调查(1月份数据免报)。</span></section><section><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</strong></section><section><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">五、行业分类标准</strong><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"></span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">&nbsp;</span></section><section><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">执行国民经济行业分类标准(GB/T4754-2017),具体请参见http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/tjbz/hyflbz/。</span></section><section><br/></section></p><p><br/></p>
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